Type of Pain | Assessing Pain | Managing Pain Assessment Tools

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Type of Pain

Assessing Pain

Managing Pain

Pain Assessment Tools.

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Type of Pain

There is two fundamental pain type: acute and chronic.

Acute pain

Acute pain commonly accompanies tissue damage from injury or disease. It varies from mild to serve in intensity and typically last for a brief period(less than 6 months). acute pain is considered a protective mechanism, alerting the individual to the tissue damage or organ disease. A patient can get relief from acute pain, and the pain itself dissipates as the underlying disorder heals.

Relief and healing

Treatment goals for acute pain include relieving pain and healing the underlying injury or disease responsible for the pain. Palliative treatment may include surgery, drug therapy, application of heat or cold, or psychological and behavioral techniques to control pain.

Type of Pain

Chronic pain ‘Type of pain’

The cause of chronic pain isn’t always clear. Chronic pain can stem from prolonged diseases of dysfunction, as in cancer and arthritis, or it can associate with a mental disorder such as posttraumatic stress syndrome. It can be intermittent, limited or persistent and usually last for 6 months or longer. This type of pain is strongly influenced by the by the patient’s emotions and environment.

There are three categories of chronic pain

  • 1.Chronic nonmalignant pain, such as the pain associated with nonprogressive or healed tissue injury.
  • 2.Chronic malignant pain, such as the pain associated with cancer or other progressive disorder.
  • 3.Chronic intractable pain, such as the pain that increases the patient’s ability to cope deteriorate.

Not the pain next door

Chronic pain isn’t always localized, which make it difficult at the time of patient to clearly describe what he’s feeling. Furthermore, a patient with chronic pain reacts in a different way, making it difficult for healthcare professionals to asses the pain. One patient may cry out, one may groan, and another may simply withdraw. Change in appetite, sleeping pattern, or other behavior (such as anxiety or irritability) can important clues to the nature of patient pain’s. chronic pain may become a life-alerting condition because of the complex ecology and psychological and emotional aspect involved.

Assessing Pain

The only way to get an accurate understanding of the patient’s pain is to ask him. Begin by asking the patient’s to describe his pain. Where does it hurt? What exactly does it feel like? When does it start, how long does it last, and how often does it recur? What provoke it? What makes it feel better?. encourage the patient to use one to obtain a more accurate and consistent description of pain intensity and relief-two important measurements. (see pain assessment tools.)

Where does it hurt?

Find out how the patient responds to pain. Does his pain interfere with eating? Working? His sex life? His relationship? Ask the patient to point to the area where he feels pain, keeping in mind that:

  • Localized pain is felt only at the origin
  • Projected pain traveled along the nerve pathways
  • Radiated pain extend in several directions from the point of origin
  • Refer pain occurs in places remote from the site of origin.

Nature’s source

Factors that influence the nature of the patient pain include duration, severity, and source. The source may be:

  • Cutaneous, originating in the skin or subcutaneous tissue
  • Deep somatic, which includes nerve, bone, muscle and supporting tissue
  • Visceral, which include the body organs

Watch for physiologic response to pain (nausea, vomiting, change the vital signs) and behavioral response to pain (facial expression, movement and positioning what the patient say or doesn’t say).

Managing Pain

Pain management can involve drug therapy with opioid or nonopioid analgesics, including patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) and adjust analgesics; neurosurgery; transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS); cognitive-behavioral strategies; and intrathecal and drug delivery via a pain-control pump.

Pain Assessment Tools ‘Type of pain’

Several easy-to-use tools can help better to understand the patient pain:

  • A rating scale is a quick method of determining the patient perception of pain intensity. Ask him to rate his pain on a scale from 0 to 10, with 0 representing pain-free and 10 representing the most pain imaginable.
  • A face rating scale. The patient chooses the face that represents how he feel that moment.
  • A body diagram allows the patient to draw the location and radiation of pain on the illustration of the body.
  • A questionnaire provides the patient with key questions about the pain location, intensity, quality, onset, and factors that relieve and aggravate pain.

We explain the different types of pain you may hear about.

  • Acute pain. Acute pain often starts suddenly and feels ‘sharp’. …
  • Chronic pain. Chronic pain lasts for a longer period of time. …
  • Breakthrough pain. This is a sudden pain. …
  • Bone pain. …
  • Soft tissue pain. …
  • Nerve pain. …
  • Referred pain. …
  • Phantom pain.

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