Gymnastics are skilled and controlled physical exercises that are designed to improve the quality of the body’s functions – Gymnastics are often performed in competitions…

What is Gymnastics Classification of Gymnastics apparatus Spotter Funtn


Educational gymnastics include agilities, vaults and bar activities. Agilities (Agility or nimbleness is the ability to change the body’s position efficiently, and requires the integration of isolated movement skills using a combination of balance, coördination, speed, reflexes, strength, and endurance) performed on the floor or mat. Vaults and bar activities are performed on apparatus.

Apparatus activities are activities that are performed with the aid of gymnastic apparatus.

The gymnastics apparatus can be classified into the following groups:

  1. Horizontal ladder
  2. Parallel bars (even and uneven)
  3. Horizontal bars

Activities done on the various apparatus include the following

Through Vault


  1. Approaching the horse or partner with a short run
  2. Place the hands on the horse or shoulders of the partner.
  3. Take off on both feet.
  4. Draw the legs close to the chest.
  5. Thrust the legs forward between the hands
  6. Lands on the other side on the balls of the feet.
  7. Finish in a squat position
  8. Astride vault


  1. Approach the horse or a partner with a short run.
  2. Place the hands on the horse or back of the partner
  3. Take off on both feet
  4. Spread the legs wide sideways
  5. Release the hands and extend them for balance
  6. Bring the two legs together while coming down
  7. Land on the balls of the feet with the knees bent
  8. Finish in a semi-squatting place with arms sideways

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  1. Dive Forward Roll Gymnastics

  1. Stand in a crouch position, hands stretched forward
  2. Take off on both feet while diving forward over a box
  3. Turn in the air as arms come down
  4. Tuck in the head and roll on the neck and back
  5. Finish in a squat or standing position with the heads stretched forward.

Neck Spring


  1. Lie down on the back
  2. Place the hands beside the head, fingers pointing backwards.
  3. Raise the and bring them backwards the heads
  4. Place body weight on the hands, neck and shoulders
  5. Flick the legs in a downward movement
  6. Spring from the neck with the hands pushing off
  7. Lift the trunk as you spring into a standing position
  8. Land on the balls of the feet, knees bent slightly



  1. Stand astride with both hands stretched out
  2. Raise one knee as high as possible
  3. Look over the shoulder with the head tilted slightly backward
  4. Bring the legs down forcefully
  5. Land with the legs first, followed by the hands
  6. Movement is sideways, with the four point landing
  7. Finish in a standing position


  1. Balancing on the beam


  1. Mount on a beam standing erect
  2. Spread hands sideways to maintain balance
  3. Turn around on the beam still maintaining balance
  4. Turn in the air, land on beam and maintaining balance
  5. Walk on beam, still maintaining balance
  6. Lift up one leg and still maintain balance.

Safety Precautions of each activity

Through vault

  1. Do not rush into the activity
  2. Do not land on the heels
  3. Astride Vault

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  1. Do not release the hands too early
  2. Do not land with the legs wide open

Dive Forward Roll

  1. Do not hit the head on the ground
  2. Avoid keeping the head straight
  3. Neck Spring
  4. Never practice the activity alone
  5. Do not attempt to spring too early


  1. Avoid somersaulting in the activity
  2. Never bend the legs at the knee

Balancing on beam

  1. Avoid showing off while performing
  2. Do not perform unknown activities

Gymnastic – General Safety Precautions

  1. Ensure adequate warm-up before engaging activities
  2. Perform activities in turn as instructed
  3. Perform from simple to complex activities
  4. Wear a suitable dress for each activity
  5. Do not perform any activity immediately after eating
  6. Ensure safety of apparatus before use
  7. Do not change in the middle of the activities
  8. Remove rings, earrings and ornaments before performance
  9. Do not perform activities beyond your capacity
  10. Ensure adequate space for performance
  11. Provide first aid materials
  12. Obey all safety rules and regulation
  13. Ensure the environment is safe for practice
  14. Ensure the goodness of the materials that will be used during the activities.
  15. Avoid teasing a performer during an activities
  16. Use a spotter when necessary
  17. Break activities into stages for easy practice
  18. When in doubt, ask questions, or do not perform until you understand
  19. Do not practice when not healthy
  20. Ensure adequate supervision of students
  21. Never play rough around practice areas.

Spotting in Gymnastics is the act of giving help during a gymnastics performance. A spotter is, therefore, somebody whose duty is to stand by and guard against any fall or injury to a performer during gymnastics activities.

Functions of a Spotter
  1. Giving support to a performer when needed
  2. Preventing a performer from failing or sustaining an injury
  3. Giving confidence to the performer
  4. Assisting in recovery in the event of a fall
  5. Helping correct a wrong performance
  6. Aiding the mastery of specific skills
  7. Facilitating easy progression during a performance.

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